Jailing of the contralateral iliac vein may occur as a result of the iliac vein stent protruding into the inferior vena cava. Endothelialization and fibrotic tissue growth over the stent can lead to obstruction of flow to the contralateral iliac vein and subsequent development of acute deep venous thrombosis. Radaideh et al present a patient who underwent Wallstent implantation 2 years ago, and the subsequent management of this complication with embolectomy and implantation of a second Wallstent. The angiography below confirmed excellent flow in both left and right common iliac vein stents.
Supplement to Management of Thrombosed Contralateral Common Iliac Vein Secondary to Wallstent Extension Into the Inferior Vena Cava, by Radaideh et al.