Purpose: The purposes were to review the mechanism of action, indications, and off-label usage of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors in managing arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and to recognize angiographic changes
Purpose: Despite guidelines recommending retrieval of most inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs), when no longer indicated, retrieval rates remain low. IVCFs are a common incidental finding on diagnostic imaging studies.
Purpose: Uterine arteriovenous malformations (UAVMs) are rare entities that can be acquired after uterine trauma and instrumentation. They are often presented with bleeding that can be potentially life threatening.
Purpose: Concurrent use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) with the Penumbra Indigo System for mechanical suction thrombectomy in large vessels can prevent procedure-limiting blood loss by allowing the operator to continuously and directly engage thr
Purpose: The purposed are to learn about the characteristics of an ideal venous stent, to review the difference between arterial and venous stenting, and to learn about the different types of venous stents available.